Russia plans more advanced floating NPPs
24 February 2020 | Neimagazine.com

By mid-2020, Russia’s Iceberg Central Design Bureau (St Petersburg) is tasked by Afrikantov OKBM (Nizhny Novgorod) to develop a preliminary design for an optimised floating NPP intended for export, Ria News reported citing the procurement website of state nuclear corporation Rosatom.  

According to the technical requirements for the work, Iceberg is to develop design documentation for a competitive optimised floating nuclear power plant and a 100MW electric power supply vessel (ESR) with a RITM-200M reactor.

The preliminary design will also evaluate the possibility and feasibility of the unit being used to supply heating to coastal consumers and to power an external desalination plant.

Calculations of operating costs should take into account conditions in Russia and in foreign countries.

The world's first  FNPP, Akademik Lomonosov, began supplying power to the town of Pevek in Chukotka earlier this year.

The Akademik Lomonosov FNPP is equipped with two icebreaker-type reactors that are capable of generating up to 70MWe and 50 Gcal/h of thermal energy.

Iceberg Central Design Bureau has already proposed a design for an FNPP using two modernised RITM-200M reactors instead of KLT-40S  units.

The use of RITM-200M reactors increases the capacity of the FNPP to 100MWe, as well as extending the life of a single load of nuclear fuel up to ten years, which negates the need for used fuel storage and a number of other facilities.

Meanwhile, the press service of the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug reported on 20 February that the Akademik Lomonosov will be connected to the city’s heat and water supply networks in three stages.

The first stage was implemented in 2019.

The second stage - installation of engineering networks and the installation of heat supply points in houses - will take place in the summer and autumn of 2020.

The third phase should be completed in 2021.

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